“’Addiction scientists are increasingly moving beyond the traditional focus on reducing or eliminating substance use by advocating treatment protocols that encompass quality of life. Yet orchestrated positive experiences are rarely incorporated into treatment for those with substance use disorders,’ said Bettina B. Hoeppner, lead author of the study.
As part of the study, the authors noted that effectiveness of positive psychology exercises may be promising tools for bolstering happiness during treatment and may help support long-term recovery.”
My area of focus when studying Clinical Neuropsychology was Substance Use Disorders, & I’ve gotten some hands-on experience in clinics specializing in Vivitrol and Naltrexone treatments to maintain a clean lifestyle for many people on the road to recovery from addiction.
There always seems to be a new types of technology that are designed to help the modern-day addict who happened to may have overdosed ….again. The last pretty innovative gadget was then device picture below. A pocket-size Narcan dispenser that is user friendly to almost any age group that can follow simple spoken directions.
The “The app, called Second Chance, was created by researchers at the University of Washington. By using sonar to monitor a person’s breathing rate – one of the main indicators of an overdose – the app can determine whether a person is overdosing from up to three feet away. And if the phone owner is using opioids all by themselves, the phone could save their lives by automatically reaching out for help.
“The idea is that people can use the app during opioid use so that if they overdose, the phone can potentially connect them to a friend or emergency services to provide naloxone,” said co-corresponding author Shyam Gollakota. “Here we show that we have created an algorithm for a smartphone that is capable of detecting overdoses by monitoring how someone’s breathing changes before and after opioid use.”
And that could save thousands of lives since over 130 people die every day due to opioid overdoses, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse.
On top of monitoring sound waves, the app as well as monitoring the person’s movement to see if they have lost consciousness. For now, it can’t interact with phone owners, but this is something the creators will look toward in the future.
“When the app detects decreased or absent breathing, we’d like it to send an alarm asking the person to interact with it,” Gollakota said. “Then if the person fails to interact with it, that’s when we say: ‘OK this is a stage where we need to alert someone,’ and the phone can contact someone with naloxone.”
So the smartphone could become the tool that health officials have been desperately seeking to combat the opioid epidemic. ”
We’re all capable of abuse when we’re frustrated or hurt. We may be guilty of criticizing, judging, withholding, and controlling, but some abusers, including narcissists, take abuse to a different level. Narcissistic Abuse can be physical, mental, emotional, sexual, financial, and/or spiritual. Some types of emotional abuse are not easy to spot, including manipulation. It can include emotional blackmail, using threats and intimidation to exercise control. Narcissists are masters of verbal abuse and manipulation. They can go so far as to make you doubt your own perceptions.
The Motivation for Narcissistic Abuse
Remember thatnarcissistic personality disorder(NPD) and abuse exist on a continuum, ranging from silence to violence. Rarely will a narcissist take responsibility for his or her behavior. Generally, they deny their actions and augment the abuse by blaming the victim. Particularly, malignant narcissists aren’t bothered by guilt. They can be sadistic and take pleasure in inflicting pain. They can be so competitive and unprincipled that they engage in anti-social behavior.
The objective of abuse is power. Narcissists may intentionally diminish or hurt other people. It’s important to remember that narcissistic abuse stems from insecurity and is designed to dominate you. Abusers’ goals are to increase their control and authority while creating doubt, shame, and dependency on their victims. They want to feel superior to avoid hidden feelings of inferiority. Understanding this can empower you. Like all bullies, despite their defenses of rage, arrogance, and self-inflation, they suffer from shame. Appearing weak and humiliated is their biggest fear. Knowing this, it’s essential not to take personally the words and actions of an abuser. This enables you to confront narcissistic abuse.
Mistakes in Dealing with Abuse
When you forget an abuser’s motives, you may naturally react in some of these ineffective ways:
Appeasement. If you placate to avoid conflict and anger, it empowers the abuser, who sees it as weakness and an opportunity to exert more control.
Pleading. This also shows weakness, which narcissists despise in themselves and others. They may react dismissively with contempt or disgust.
Withdrawal. This is a good temporary tactic to collect your thoughts and emotions but is not an effective strategy to deal with abuse.
Arguing and Fighting. Arguing over the facts wastes your energy. Most abusers aren’t interested in the facts, but only in justifying their position and being right. Verbal arguments can quickly escalate to fights that drain and damage you. Nothing is gained. You lose and can end up feeling more victimized, hurt, and hopeless.
Explaining and Defending. Anything beyond a simple denial of a false accusation leaves you open to more abuse. When you address the content of what is being said and explain and defend your position, you endorse an abuser’s right to judge, approve, or abuse you. Your reaction sends this message: “You have power over my self-esteem. You have the right to approve or disapprove of me. You’re entitled to be my judge.”
Seeking Understanding. This can drive your behavior if you desperately want to be understood. It’s based on the false hope that a narcissist is interested in understanding you, while a narcissist is only interested in winning a conflict and having the superior position. Depending upon the degree of narcissism, sharing your feelings may also expose you to more hurt or manipulation. It’s better to share your feelings with someone safe who cares about them.
Criticizing and Complaining. Although they may act tough, because abusers are basically insecure, inside they’re fragile. They can dish it, but can’t take it. Complaining or criticizing an abuser can provoke rage and vindictiveness.
Threats. Making threats can lead to retaliation or backfire if you don’t carry them out. Never make a threat you’re not ready to enforce. Boundaries with direct consequences are more effective.
Denial. Don’t fall into the trap of denialby excusing, minimizing, or rationalizing abuse. And don’t fantasize that it will go away or improve at some future time. The longer it goes on, the more it grows, and the weaker you can become.
Self–Blame. Don’t blame yourself for an abuser’s actions and try harder to be perfect. This is a delusion. You can’t cause anyone to abuse you. You’re only responsible for your own behavior. You will never be perfect enough for an abuser to stop their behavior, which stems from their insecurities, not you.
Confronting Abuse Effectively
Allowing abuse damages your self-esteem. Thus, it’s important to confront it. That doesn’t mean to fight and argue. It means standing your ground and speaking up for yourself clearly and calmly and having boundaries to protect your mind, emotions, and body. Before you set boundaries, you must:
Know Your Rights. You must feel entitled to be treated with respect and that you have specific rights, such as the right to your feelings, the right not to have sex if you decline, a right to privacy, a right not to be yelled at, touched, or disrespected. If you’ve been abused for a long time (or as a child), your self-esteem likely has been diminished. You may no longer trust yourself or have confidence. Seek therapy, get support.
Be Assertive. This takes learning and practice to avoid being passive or aggressive. Try these short-term responses to dealing with verbal putdowns:
“I’ll think about it.”
“I’ll never be the good enough wife (husband) that you hoped for.”
“I don’t like it when you criticize me. Please stop.” (Then walk away)
“That’s your opinion. I disagree, (or) I don’t see it that way.”
“You’re saying . . .” (Repeat what was said. Add, “Oh, I see.”)
“I won’t to talk to you when you (describe abuse, e.g. “belittle me”). Then leave.
Agree to part that’s true. “Yes, I burned the dinner.” Ignore “You’re a rotten cook.”
Humor – “You’re very cute when you get annoyed.”
Be Strategic. Know what you want specifically, what the narcissist wants, what your limits are, and where you have power in the relationship. You’re dealing with someone highly defensive with a personality disorder. There are specific strategies to having an impact.
Set Boundaries. Boundaries are rules that govern the way you want to be treated. People will treat you the way you allow them to. You must know what your boundaries are before you can communicate them. This means getting in touch with your feelings, listening to your body, knowing your rights, and learning assertiveness. They must be explicit. Don’t hint or expect people to read your mind.
Have Consequences. After setting boundaries, if they’re ignored, it’s important to communicate and invoke consequences. These are not threats, but actions you take to protect yourself or meet your needs.
Be Educative. Research shows that narcissists have neurological deficits that affect their interpersonal reactions. You’re best approach is to educate a narcissist like a child. Explain the impact of their behavior and provide incentives and encouragement for different behavior. This may involve communicating consequences. It requires planning what you’re going to say without being emotional.
To respond effectively requires support. Without it, you may languish in self-doubt and succumb to abusive disinformation and denigration. It’s challenging to change your reactions, let alone those of anyone else. Expect pushback when you stand up for yourself. This is another reason why support is essential. You will need courage and consistency. Whether or not the narcissist makes changes, you’ll get tools to protect yourself and raise your self-worth that will improve how you feel whether you stay or leave. CoDA meetings and psychotherapy provide guidance and support.
I used to be a drug addict. I haven’t touched an opioid since August 22, 2011, but I get the struggle and barely made it out. I can’t count on all of my fingers and toes how many of my friends and acquaintances have died from overdoses. I know if you are in the throes of addiction, this won’t make you quit, but keep it in your back pocket.
I don’t know why I am surprised at these headlines anymore:
*The rate of overdoses AMONG FUCKING CHILDREN has doubled. *The percentage of opioid overdoses seen in emergency rooms across the country has gone up 30% *The life expectancy in the U.S. is down because of the spike in OD’s.